Many sustainability assessment frameworks are technology-oriented – both focusing and measuring impacts from alternative technologies. Nevertheless, technology alone, without consideration of human-object/-environment interaction and the behavioral consequences, cannot achieve sustainability. A human dimension must be added and addressed through cultural sustainability. This is especially applicable for built environment, which reflects the past and shapes the future culture. While human–environment interaction has been studied extensively, it is less addressed in the sustainability assessment frameworks.
Our team have studied human-built environment interaction in the context of green buildings both theoretically and empirically. This interaction, combined with the progress addressing the continuous improvement efforts made by an entity, the temporal, spatial, and behavioral dynamics can be simultaneously addressed in a sustainability assessment.